The South Australian Department of Agriculture and its work
This paper provides an overview of the structure and function of the Department of Agriculture in the latter part of Callaghan's appointment as the Director of Agriculture (1949 to 1959).
The South Australian Department of Agriculture and its work (), Allan R. Callaghan, C.M.G., D.Phil., B.Sc., B.Sc.Agr., Director of Agriculture, South Australia. Circa 1953.
Bill Matheson made a major contribution to changing of soil management practices in South Australia through a career that spanned over 40 years.
Review of Soil Conservation Board movement
The following presentation was given to the Jubilee 150 Soil Conservation Workshop held in 1986. The presentation traces the history of approaches to manage a range of soil degradation factors from the early 1940s (the influence of Herriot) to 1986. It covers the initial establishment of Soil Conservation Boards in 1947 leading to the eventual covering on the state with 13 boards.
Jim McColl was the Director-General of Agriculture between 1976 and 1985, a time of significant reforms driven by global conditions, budget pressures and changes in government policy. A number of the changes introduced are captured in presentations McColl gave to staff within the Department and to associations external to the Department.
The key presentations following cover important subjects such as water policy and structural arrangements, the direction of overseas projects, the transition to a whole farm management approach to service delivery, extension services and charging for services.
The changes initiated by McColl influenced policy and programs within the Department and nationally for many years to follow.
Additional perspectives of McColl are provided in two other key areas of the History of Agriculture in South Australia, namely his Oral History and the account of agriculture and the Department during his period as Director-General. These can be accessed at:
Report on Visit to the Middle East/North African Region
This visit included Syria, Jordan, Libya, Algeria, Egypt, Sudan and Iraq and was primarily to develop an overview of the region, to evaluate the possible trade development benefits to South Australia, to follow up specific contacts by various countries concerning possible projects, and to visit the Project in Libya (and review objectives, staffing, and project management). The visit and report prepared led to the increased presence in the Middle East and North Africa, with projects being developed in Iraq, Jordan and Algeria.
Presentation to the Extension Workshop
The setting for the following presentation was the increasing global competition for Australian agricultural produce and loss of traditional markets, the decline in the contribution of agriculture to the economy and the need for structural adjustment. McColl proposed an integration of service delivery under a Senior District Officer with greater emphasis on socio-economic, financial and marketing aspects. The concept of the delivery of whole farm management services was introduced.
Charging for Government Services to Agriculture, The Way Ahead
The following presentation was given at a time of growing pressure on government funding and competition with resourcing of health, education and welfare services. There was also a fundamental divide between the public and private sector service delivery function with a widely held view that government should not be providing services where there was no market failure.
Agricultural Consultants and Government – Future Prospects
This presentation outlines the impact of constraints on public sector spending, leading to the agency having a better understanding of the costs to deliver services and the trends towards commercialization of services. The presentation describes the future for the research, extension and regulation functions.
Deregulation in the Dairy Industry
The following presentation was made during a period of deregulation of many primary industry sectors, and after an IAC review and proposed legislative changes to the national dairy industry. The Government regulation relating to marketing were being removed along with the equalisation system. It was also the period of Closer Economic Relations with New Zealand and the unknown impacts on the Australian dairy industry.
Water policy presentations
McColl had a particular interest in irrigation and irrigation policy. This included the establishment of the River Murray Irrigation and Salinity Program (RMISP), collaboration with the Engineering and Water Supply Department in defining roles and responsibilities, to major national contributions to the water policy debate.
McColl's interest in irrigation policy continued post his resignation from the Department. Between 1997 and 2001 he was the Presiding Member of the River Murray Catchment Water Management Board and between 2004 and 2011 he joined CSIRO as a Research Fellow working alongside Professor Mike Young, University of Adelaide.
Following are 3 papers presented during his time with the SA Department of Agriculture.
The paper below was presented to a workshop held at the Canberra College of Advanced Education. It examines approaches to valuing water in terms of the resource cost, social cost and opportunity cost. McColl notes the approach of water management authorities to recover the resource cost from water users.
This presentation provides a history of irrigated crops in South Australia, tracking the regulatory arrangements impacting on the supply of water from the River Murray.
The following presentation proposes changes to irrigation in SA, including the increasing role of the private sector in funding improvements, the need for structural adjustment, the transferability of rights and impact on water pricing, the impacts of changes in irrigation practices and competition for water.
The speech below was presented to the 50th Jubilee Conference of the Australian Institute of Agricultural Science. McColl gave this speech near the end of his time with the SA Department of Agriculture. It initially examines the impact of global pressures on agriculture and the need for adjustment within the farming sector.
He questions the relevance of current marketing arrangements, in particular the role of marketing boards. This is in the context of projected lower levels of government assistance to industry.
Discusses some of the major and emerging policy issues such as the introduction of the R&D Levy, the cost of providing extension services, animal welfare, natural resources management, environmental pollution and the increasing importance of global trade agreements.
The relationship between private and government agricultural services
This presentation examines the main functions undertaken by government departments of agriculture and comments on the role of the public and private sectors in providing services.
The relationship between private and government agricultural services
Paper given at a symposium organised by the Australian Institute of Agricultural Science and the Australian Veterinary Association Australian Institute of Agricultural Science and the Australian Veterinary Association, at Mitchelton Winery, Nagambie, 10 September 1986.
Dairy Marketing Case Study
This presentation covers the process for implementing deregulation of dairy marketing arrangements in the early 1980s, and the roles played by the Commonwealth and State Governments and industry. It is unclear who this presentation was delivered to.
Agricultural Scientists – Where to Now
This presentation was delivered to the Australian Institute of Agricultural Science in Perth and takes a national perspective to the changes in role and funding of Department of Agriculture with the implications to the management of agencies, the delivery of research and extension services and the relationship between the public and private services providers.
Agricultural Scientists – Where to Now () Paper presented to the Australian Institute of Agricultural Science (WA Branch), Perth, 9 June 1986 by JC McColl, Commissioner, Industries Assistance Commission (Previously Director-General of Agriculture, South Australia).
HPC (Peter) Trumble
The early history of the barley improvement program October 2001
This paper provides a personal account of the establishment of the first improvement program for malting barley in 1956. It outlines the contributions made by industry, research organisations and members of the Standing Committee on Agriculture.