Further development at Urrbrae

  • 1955: Australian Wine Research Institute established
  • 1958: CSIRO Soils moved into new facilities, Waite Road. Increased interest in soil microbiology, root diseases
  • 1963: CSIRO Division of Horticulture (major viticulture emphasis – breeding, mechanical harvesting)(Other CSIRO Divisions: Mathematical Statistics [Cornish – Wheat Yields]; Water Resources [Alison – Groundwater Studies])

Central laboratories for Department of Agriculture

  • 1957: Allan Callaghan suggested Bedford Park to Tom Playford (unsuccessful as later became Flinders University)
  • 1958: Northfield Mental Hospital Farm secured leading to the Northfield Laboratories and Research Centre (Soil science, legume breeding, cereal varietal testing, weed science, entomology, dairy technology; dairy research; Northfield Horticulture Unit; Northfield Pig Research Unit; Artificial Breeding Board)
  • 1960: Parafield Poultry Centre upgraded

Main aspects of the era

  • Rural reconstruction
  • Wool boom
  • Soldier settlement schemes
    • Irrigated horticulture - Loxton
    • Dryland - Kangaroo Island, South East
  • Allocating land
  • Private sector investment in settlement
    • Nintey-Mile Desert Scheme
  • Micronutrient research - the basis of land settlement
  • Legume agriculture-dryland farming
  • Role of private sector consultants
  • Widespread mechanisation of all agriculture
  • Impact of university and Roseworthy graduates
  • Quarantine issues
    • Fruit fly
    • Plague locusts
    • Weeds
  • Automation begins to supersede manual systems
  • Changed relationship with media, impact of television
Page Last Reviewed: 20 Nov 2017
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