GM Review

An independent review of South Australia’s moratorium on the cultivation of Genetically Modified (GM) food crops is being undertaken by Emeritus Professor Kym Anderson AC.

The current South Australian genetically modified food crop moratorium exists for trade and market access purposes.

Once completed, the review will enable better informed policy decisions regarding GM food crops in South Australia.

Under the terms of reference, the review will:

  • Assess available evidence on the market benefits of South Australia’s moratorium on the commercial cultivation of GM crops.
  • Assess the degree of awareness of South Australia’s moratorium amongst key trading partners and food production businesses operating in South Australia and other Australian states.
  • Where there is evidence of market benefits resulting from the moratorium, examine whether it is possible to retain such benefits for industry through the use of systems of segregation in the supply chain, having regard to segregation protocols adopted in other jurisdictions.
  • Consider evidence from South Australian businesses and industry, market and trade data, the experience in other Australian and international jurisdictions and other relevant evidence to inform the analysis.
  • Explore whether there are potential innovations likely to be available for commercial adoption by South Australia’s agricultural industries prior to 2025 that would justify a reconsideration of the moratorium on grounds of economic benefit to the state.
  • Quantify where possible the economic costs and benefits of maintaining, modifying or removing the moratorium, not limited to but including on-farm impacts, food manufacturing, supply chain costs and impacts on research and development investment in South Australia.

The review will not consider aspects of gene technology which are covered under commonwealth legislation, these include:

  • human health
  • safety
  • environmental impacts.

Call for submissions

Written submissions have closed.

216 submissions were received. 150 of these were submitted via (example provided (PDF 325.1 KB)). All submissions were considered individually.

You can read the Public submissions to the GM Independent Review where consent for publication was granted.

It is expected the review will be completed in the first quarter of 2019.


Under the Genetically Modified Crops Management Act 2004 and Regulations, the current moratorium on the commercial cultivation of GM food crops is in place until 2025.

More information

Terms of reference (PDF 135.5 KB)

Media release

Page Last Reviewed: 07 Dec 2018
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