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The common Yabby, Cherax destructor, is an Australian freshwater crayfish. Yabby farming commenced during the early 1980s in South Australia and they are extremely well adapted to the seasonality of arid Australia.
Yabbies have many biological, economic and marketing attributes that make them a good candidate species for aquaculture. Some of these include their rapid growth, good feed conversion efficiency and their reproductive ability. They occasionally reach up to 30 cm in length but are more commonly 10–20 cm long.
Yabbies are described as opportunistic feeders which mean that they will consume any food that is readily available within the pond system, including plant material, animal material and detritus.
The Yabby, Cherax destructor, is native to south-eastern Australia and is present in waterways throughout South Australia.
Yabby farming is practiced throughout South Australia with the highest production in the South-East. Other areas of Yabby production include Eyre Peninsula, Fleurieu Peninsula, Kangaroo Island and the mid-north.
Yabby farms are relatively inexpensive to construct compared to other forms of farming with some people using existing farm dams to produce Yabbies. As Yabby farming is practiced on privately-owned land, it is an industry that is readily accessible to South Australian primary producers.