Agricultural Bureaux - Department of Agriculture experimental work
1907 - A Department of Agriculture and Intelligence created. Intelligence was lost in 1908
1909 - Experimental centres were established on farms at Hammond, Oladdie, Dawson and Carrieton
1911 - Parafield Poultry Station established
1914 - Experimental work concentrated at Parafield (poultry), Turretfield (seed wheat, kerosene tractor) Hackney and Blackwood (horticulture), Kybybolite and Veitch (agriculture), Minnipa (wheat, olives)
The Agricultural Bureau Branches also sponsored on-farm trials
Peter Waite's gifts
1914 - Peter Waite arranged to hand over his house and 153 acres of land at Urrbrae to the University of Adelaide
1915 - Peter Waite purchased Claremont Estate (53 acres) and Netherby Estate (112 acres) and added them to the original gift.
'My hope is that a Chair of Agriculture may be established to conduct scientific research work and ….. teach agricultural students' — Peter Waite
The Waite Agricultural Research Institute
1924 -The first appointments were made: AEV Richardson (Director), HC Trumble (Agronomist)
JA Prescott (Soil Science), J Davidson (Entomology). The Departments of Agronomy, Agricultural Chemistry and Soil Science, Entomology and Plant Pathology were established. The University was to provide services to the Department of Agriculture in Entomology, Plant Pathology, Systematic Botany.
Council for Scientific and Industrial Research
The CSIR (CSIRO from 1949) established in 1924, set up its soil science laboratories at the Waite Institute. James Prescott became Chief of Division of Soils (joint appointment with the University of Adelaide).
CSIRO Soils, CSIRO Nutritional Biochemistry (Kintore Avenue, Adelaide) and the University of Adelaide did major trace element/ micronutrient research. Colin Donald (U of A) and David Riceman (CSIR) made the first discovery of a trace element deficiency in Australia. One outcome of this research was the development of the Ninety-mile Desert by the AMP Society as Coonalpyn Downs.
Main aspects of the era
- Experimental farms created
- Superphosphate adopted widely
- Settlement of Mallee lands
- Soldier settlement blocks
- Over-close settlement
- Irrigated horticulture
- Waite Institute began
- Research and development contracts
- Herd recording introduced to dairy industry