This section on Eras, leads you through a chronological sequence of developmental eras in the history of agriculture in South Australia.
The following web links will lead you to a series of descriptions of Australian, Aboriginal agricultural heritage.
- Wikipedia, the free encyclopaedia, History of Indigenous Australians:
- Australian food and drink, Native Australians and early settlers:
European Settlement: Beginning of European settlement; Planning surveying and land title distribution mainly for the growing of wheat.
Self Sufficiency of the Colony: Expansion; land clearing; land development; innovation and the beginning of farm mechanisation.
Development of Transport: Drought and declining yields drive the development and adoption of alternative farming methods;
Expansion of transport infrastructure, i.e. roads, rail and seaports encourage export market development.
Research and Irrigation
World War 1; Establishment of war service settlement schemes;
Early development of the Department of Agriculture with a focus on research and establishment of a network of experimental farms;
Government infrastructure set up to develop irrigation schemes including the Murray District Irrigation Scheme,
the reclamation of Murray Swamps for dairying and the South Eastern Drainage Scheme for cereal growing.
Great economic depression and oversupply of world markets;
Soil conservation techniques introduced for dry land farming districts;
The Marginal Lands Act introduced.
World War II; Maximisation of production.
Post War Boom
Post war economic boom; Reintroduction of war service settlement scheme;
Boost in agricultural science programs, including trace elements used in the South East.
Rapid Technological Development
Communication and technology advances; National programs introduced.
Coordinating, consolidating and developing farming programs for conservation and profitability;
Production catering to world market demand.
Focus on Sustainability
Focus on profitability and sustainability utilizing modern technological advances and past knowledge and experience;
Trend towards larger land holdings and corporate ownership;
Reduced government involvement in marketing of agricultural commodities.
Abbot, R.K., Minister of Lands, 1986, The Measure of the Land, Department of Lands South Australia, Adelaide, South Australia.