Stages of a Bill
Notice of Motion
The Minister gives a notice of motion seeking leave (permission) to introduce a Bill.
The Bill is introduced with a first reading, where the title of the Bill is read by the Clerk.
The Minister outlines the principles of the Bill with the second reading. This is followed by debate where ministers express their opinions on the principles of the Bill. If the House agrees, the Bill proceeds to the Committee Stage (Committee of the Whole) for amendments, or directly to the third reading stage.
Committee of the Whole (optional)
The Bill may be considered in detail and may be amended.
The third reading allows for final consideration of the Bill. If the third reading of the Bill is agreed to, the Bill has passed all stages in the House of origin.
Transmission to the other House
The Bill, having passed all stages in the House of origin, is moved to the other House where the process is repeated. i.e. First Reading, Second Reading, Committee of the Whole, Third Reading.
Once the Bill has been passed in both Houses, the Bill is forwarded to the Governor for Assent (agreement). An Act of Parliament is proclaimed.